Landforms

Approximately 17,000 years ago, the Laurentide Ice Sheet which covered Maine and the Maritimes in thousands of feet of ice began to retreat. This glacier carved the landscape as it exists today, shaping the mountains, creating the vast blueberry barrens of eastern Maine and a network of lakes, bogs, ponds, and rivers. The ancestors of today’s Wabanaki Tribes called this land home, hunting caribou and big game, fishing and hunting sea mammals along the ocean. Over thousands of years the sea levels rose and fell, and tundra gave way to forests. Native people and their cultures adapted to these changes and stories still exist in Wabanaki oral histories. Traditionally, Wabanaki people were hunters and gatherers and moved across the landscape with the changing seasons. The Wabanaki had no concept of land ownership. It was believed that the people belonged to the land, rather than the European concept of land belonging exclusively to an individual.